What is Frontal Lobe Dementia?
Frontal lobe dementia is more commonly known as frontotemporal dementia, which occurs in 10 to 15 percent of all dementia cases. Most people are familiar with Alzheimer’s disease, which is the main type of dementia. However, frontal lobe dementia tends to differ in symptoms and in the age of onset from Alzheimer’s, although some symptoms may be similar.
When is the Onset of Frontal Lobe Dementia?
While dementia is commonly associated with the elderly, and most people who get Alzheimer’s disease are over 65-years old, frontal lobe dementia tends to affect people at a younger age, as young as 45-years old.
What Causes Frontal Lobe Dementia?
This dementia type occurs when the frontal lobes of the brain shrink. These lobes are responsible for cognitive functions such as organization, planning, solving problems, paying attention, as well as regulating emotions, personality traits and behaviors.
What causes the frontal lobes to shrink has not been confirmed yet; however, doctors and scientists do have some theories. While there appears to be no hereditary link, meaning family history has not been found to be a predictor for this type of dementia, certain genes have been identified as possibly playing a role in the chance of developing frontal lobe dementia.
Additionally, proteins in the brain called tau and TDP-43 may be to blame.
What are the Symptoms of Frontal Lobe Dementia?
Although dementia is commonly associated with memory problems, frontal lobe dementia symptoms vary. Because the frontal lobes regulate behavior, the most noticeable symptoms of this condition involve personality and behavioral changes. In fact, some people tend to completely change their personalities; a shy person can become an extravert, or a person can suddenly develop an addiction. Other symptoms include:
- Total indifference to things once cared for
- Sudden impulsiveness and carelessness
- Behaving inappropriately in a social setting
- Inability to communicate
- Concentration problems
- Problems with planning
- Problems moving or with balance
How is Frontal Lobe Dementia Diagnosed?
There is no single test that can diagnose frontal lobe dementia. There are a series of tests that can provide a more definite answer, however. These include blood tests, brain imaging, MRI, CT scans and neuropsychological testing.
What are Los Angeles Medical Trials for Frontal Lobe Dementia?
Medical trials doctors conduct clinical research to determine if dementia treatments or drugs are effective at eliminating or preventing this condition. Taking part in a clinical study in Los Angeles can allow a person access to the newest medication for dementia, one that they will likely not be able to get anywhere else. As well, having free lab work and testing, in addition to being compensated for participation can go a long way in helping people who cannot afford medical treatment.
Pacific Institute of Medical Research offers Los Angeles dementia clinical trials. Contact them at (310) 208-7144 or go online to find out more information.