Popular Manic Depression Medications
What Is Manic Depression?
manic, also known as bipolar disorder, is a serious brain disorder which causes one to experience extreme variances in mood, thinking and behavior. The most common phases of this disorder are a manic phase and a depressed phase. Mood swings commonly occur many times during one’s life and can be severe. The characteristics of this disorder vary by person as some experience mostly manic phases while others experience mostly depressed states. According to Healthline, approximately 1% of the population will develop this disorder with the rates of diagnosis equal between women and men. There are certain manic depression medications that can help alleviate symptoms, which we will explore in this article.
Manic Depression Symptoms
The symptoms of this disorder are characterized by extreme shifts in one’s mood, which are accompanied by changes in behavior, energy, activity levels and sleep patterns. The symptoms are associated with each mood type and are listed below.
Symptoms related to a depressive mood episode:
- A loss of interest in activities that previously were pleasurable
- Changes in behavior
- Decreased energy or fatigue
- Feeling empty or worthless
- Difficulty concentrating, making decisions and forgetfulness
- Irritability or restlessness
- A change in sleeping or eating habits
- Thoughts of suicide or making a suicide attempt
Symptoms related to a manic episode:
- Extended periods of feeling euphoric, having intense joy and excitement
- Agitation or irritability that can be extreme
- Easily distracted
- Experiencing racing thoughts
- Speaking fast
- Taking on more projects than one can handle
- A decreased need for sleep
- Beliefs about abilities that are unrealistic
- Participation in high-risk or impulsive behaviors such as overspending, unsafe sex, gambling etc.
Treating Manic Depression
There is no cure for this disorder as it is considered a chronic illness; however it still must be managed and treated carefully. According to Psychcentral, treatment typically consists of the use of manic depression medication and psychotherapy. The most commonly used medications include the following:
- Lithium: One of the most popular medications that works by balancing mood swings used for bipolar treatment and manic attacks. Patients are typically advised to take this medication continuously to prevent mood swings.
- Quetiapine: Medication used to treat depressive episodes, schizophrenia and acute manic attacks that may be associated with this disorder.
- Lamictal: Using this manic depression medication helps to stabilize moods and greatly decrease episodes of severe depression and mania, as symptoms are effectively controlled. A positive of using this medication is that it has few side effects.
- Risperdal: Approved by the FDA to treat this disorder, especially the manic episodes. This medication also acts as a mood stabilizer and improves symptoms associated with mania.
- Topamax: This medication is actually an anticonvulsant (seizure control). However, it is known as one of the best medications available for this disorder as it is an effective mood stabilizer for patients affected by manic depression.
Manic Depression Management
Although there is no cure for manic depression, those affected by this disorder can still live on a satisfactory life by taking control of the condition and managing their symptoms. The following tips provided by the Help Guide are useful for helping patients manage their disorder day-to-day:
- Be Involved – Know when to ask for help, and work with your doctor to create a treatment plan that works for you.
- Know Yourself – Gain more knowledge about yourself to better understand your feelings by monitoring your mood and symptoms.
- Ask for Help – Don’t hesitate to reach out to others when you are in need or crisis.
- Create a Routine – Develop a daily routine to keep you on track with your necessary daily activities as this gives you structure in your life. This may include regular exercise, a healthy diet, strict sleep patterns and avoiding drugs and alcohol.
- Avoid Stress – Stress worsens symptoms of manic depression; be proactive and take action to minimize stress as much as possible. This can be done by learning techniques for relaxation and engaging in activities that make you feel good about yourself.
Los Angeles Manic Depression Pharmaceutical Trials
Medical researchers are working on finding a better treatment for manic depression by conducting pharmaceutical trials. If you suffer from manic depression, contact Pacific Institute of Medical Research today to learn about your changes of being compensated for participating in a medical study.
Living with this disorder and learning how to use manic depression management on a day-to-day basis can be overwhelming. It is important to remember that some treatments take time to be effective. It may be difficult at times to stay positive, but it is necessary to follow your treatment plan as it is prescribed. Take advantage of the multitude of available support groups, there you can gain valuable insight and receive the support from others you need and deserve.