Most Popular Smoking Cessation Drugs
As of 2012, approximately 42 million adults in the United States smoked cigarettes, according to the CDC. Of that number, 33 million state that they smoke on a daily basis. Smokers account for approximately 18% of the population, and the health effects of smoking cost approximately $289 billion per year. Due to the significant negative side effects from smoking, smoking cessation is a very popular topic. Since quitting smoking is difficult for most people, there are smoking cessation drugs that can be used to help with the efforts of stopping to smoke. Smoking cessation medication options include over-the-counter nicotine patches and prescription drugs. If you want to learn how to quit smoking most efficiently, talk to your doctor to help you choose the best smoking cessation aid for you.
Smoking Cessation Drug: Nicotine Patch
When you look for smoking cessation aids, nicotine patches are the easiest to get because they are available over-the-counter. However, there are some options available by prescription that contain higher doses of nicotine. The purpose of a smoking cessation patch is to replace the nicotine that you are not getting from smoking cigarettes, which helps to reduce cravings and nicotine withdrawal symptoms to make quitting smoking easier. In general, you go through three phases of patches for eight weeks to gently and gradually wean you off of nicotine. For the first four weeks, you use the patch that contains 21 milligrams of nicotine per day. During weeks five and six, you wear patches that provide 14 milligrams of nicotine per day. The last two weeks’ patches provide seven milligrams of nicotine.
There are two types of over-the-counter nicotine patches which provide protection for either 16 or 24 hours. The 16-hour patch provides nicotine throughout the time of being awake. This smoking cessation aid has a lower risk of side effects. However, when you wake up in the morning, you will not have nicotine in your system, which may increase the risk of cravings. The 24-hour patches are worn all day, alleviating the risk of morning nicotine cravings; however, the risk of general side effects are higher. Side effects may include skin irritation, sleep disturbances, headaches, nausea, muscle aches, dizziness, vomiting, increased heart rate and vivid dreams.
Smoking Cessation Drug: Zyban
Zyban is a type of antidepressant that works to decrease nicotine withdrawal symptoms and tobacco cravings, according to MedlinePlus. It is advised to start taking this smoking cessation drug approximately one to two weeks prior to your chosen quit date. This allows the medication to start building up in your body so that once you quit, it provides withdrawal symptom control. You will continue taking this medication for an average of seven to 12 weeks after quitting to prevent a relapse. Doctors typically prescribe 150 milligrams to be taken once or twice per day.
This most common side effects of this smoking cessation drug include: dry mouth, fatigue, irritability, headaches, trouble sleeping, agitation, and indigestion.
Smoking Cessation Drug: Chantix
Chantix interferes with the brain’s nicotine receptors to reduce withdrawal symptoms when you quit smoking, according to the American Cancer Association. You will start taking this drug seven days before your chosen quit day to allow the smoking cessation medication to build up in your body. You start with a single half a milligram dose for three days, and then take the dose twice daily for the remainder of the seven days. You take this medication for a course of 12 weeks, and, starting week two, you take one milligram twice a day to prevent a relapse. The most common side effects include: headache, vomiting, unusual dreams, taste changes, nausea, difficulty sleeping, and gas.
Los Angeles Smoking Cessation Clinical Trials
If you would like to find out how to stop smoking with smoking cessation drugs, enroll in a Los Angeles clinical trial for smoking cessation. If accepted, you will be provided with medication to stop smoking while under the careful supervision of a medical professional. Smoking cessation research studies have proven to be affective stop smoking programs in Los Angeles for some individials.
Using smoking cessation drugs to help you quit smoking increases your chances of kicking the habit for good. Whether you want to try doing this on your own, or with the help of a clinical trial, make the right choice for your health. To learn more about Los Angeles clinical trials for smoking cessation, contact the Pacific Institute of Medical Research, which is an independent clinical research site specializing in psychiatry since 1982. Visit us online or call us at (310) 208-7144.