PTSD Statistics: How Common Is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?
Post traumatic stress disorder is an anxiety disorder that occurs after exposure to a traumatic event in which a person feared for his or her safety, or the safety of others. The majority of people experience trauma at varying degrees within their lifetime, and most will not develop PTSD. It is normal to experience some stress afterwards, which typically dissipates over time. Those who develop PTSD experience symptoms such as: repeatedly reliving the traumatic event, avoiding situations similar to the event, negative changes in thought processes and a consistent state of hyper vigilance. Events such as serious accidents, assault (sexual or physical), terrorist attacks and natural disasters can trigger PTSD.
PTSD symptoms may appear closely following a traumatic event, but may also occur far after (delayed onset). People with symptoms lasting less than three months but more than one month have acute PTSD. When symptoms persist for longer than three months, the disorder is classified as chronic, explains NCBI.
PTSD Statistics for Adults
In the United States, PTSD statistics show that 7.7 million people suffer from this mental condition, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Individuals of a lower socioeconomic status face increased rates of post traumatic stress due to adversities and exposure to a higher rate of violence than others. As well, women are twice as likely to develop the disorder than men; every 10 in 100 women will develop PTSD, whereas only every four in 100 men will be affected, states the U.S Department of Veteran Affairs. Those who have experienced previous trauma at any point in their lifetime are at a higher risk for developing PTSD.
PTSD Statistics for Children and Adolescents
According to Village Behavioral Health, 15-43% of children will live through a trauma. Of these children, approximately three to 15 percent of girls and one to six percent of boys will develop PTSD. Symptoms manifest differently depending on the age of the child. Children up to six years old may experience trouble with bed-wetting and may become excessively clingy to their caregivers. Those in the 7 to 11 cohort may have nightmares, become aggressive or become avoidant and withdrawn; some may even refuse to speak. As children get older, their symptoms are more akin to those experienced by adults. Adolescents from 12 to 18 have symptoms such as depression, anxiety, irritability and engagement in reckless activities, cites U.S Department of Veteran Affairs.
Children are most at risk for developing PTSD when they were a direct witness to the trauma, had a poor support system after-the-fact, or have a pre-existing mental health problem. Violence in the home after a traumatic event heightens the chances of childhood post-traumatic stress disorder. The rate of children afflicted with PTSD differs depending on which type of trauma they were exposed to. Children who have faced medical illness experience PTSD 12 to 53 percent of the time, whereas those whose lives were impacted by a natural disaster develop the disorder 15 to 95 percent of the time, explains the National Child Traumatic Stress Network. Research indicates that children may be at a higher risk than adults for developing PTSD when exposed to a traumatic event, according toU.S Department of Veteran Affairs.
PTSD Statistics for Veterans
The US. Department of Veteran Affairs estimates that three percent of Vietnam veterans have PTSD, followed by 10 percent of Gulf War veterans, one percent of veterans from the war in Afghanistan and 20 percent of Iraqi war veterans, as presented by NIH. Since 2003, upwards of 40,000 veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan have been diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder, lists Anxiety and Depression Association of America.
Military members deal with stressful situations that most people do not deal with, and show high rates of the PTSD symptoms. The more exposure to combat a soldiers have, the more likely it is that they will develop the disorder. Those who are deployed are three times more likely to develop PTSD than those who are not. Of the veterans who returned from Iraq or Afghanistan, one in five reported PTSD symptoms; however, only half of those people sought medical treatment, states Anxiety and Depression Association of America.
PTSD statistics are staggering, and while there are possible treatments, there is no cure for this ailment. This is why medical research is currently going on to find a true PTSD treatment and cure. If you want to help in the search for a PTSD cure, enroll in a PTSD medical study held in Los Angeles. These clinical trials help those suffering from PTSD with free medical care and medication at no charge.
To learn more about Los Angeles clinical trials for PTSD or other forms of medical issues, contact the Pacific Institute of Medical Research, which is an independent clinical research site specializing in psychiatry since 1982. Visit us online or call us at (310) 208-7144.