Major Depression Disorder
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a mental condition that has emotional as well as physical symptoms. Some symptoms include low mood accompanied by low self-esteem, loss of interest or pleasure in normally enjoyable activities and fatigue. Major depressive disorder is a disabling condition which adversely affects a person’s family, work or school life, sleeping and eating habits, and general health.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry, by repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing the associated anxiety, or by a combination of such obsessions and compulsions. Symptoms of the disorder include excessive washing or cleaning; repeated checking; extreme hoarding, preoccupation with sexual, violent or religious thoughts; aversion to particular numbers; and nervous rituals, such as opening and closing a door a certain number of times before entering or leaving a room. These symptoms can be alienating and time-consuming, and often cause severe emotional and financial distress. The acts of those who have OCD may appear paranoid and potentially psychotic. However, OCD sufferers generally recognize their obsessions and compulsions as irrational, and may become further distressed by this realization.
For more information visit: www.ocfoundation.org
Post-Traumatic Stress Disroder
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that is triggered by a terrifying event — either experiencing it or witnessing it. Symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares and severe anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the event. These symptoms often disrupt a person’s life for months or years and can make it hard for him or her to accomplish daily activities.
Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that brings severe high and low moods that can occur daily or a few times a year. Theses mood swings may affect and change a person’s sleep, cycle, energy levels, thinking patterns and behavior. Symptoms often include depressed moods, significant loss of interest or pleasure in activities, difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much, weight loss or gain, agitation, fatigue, feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt, poor concentration and thoughts of death or suicide. Although bipolar disorder is a disruptive, long-term condition, you can keep your moods in check by following a treatment plan. In most cases, bipolar disorder can be controlled with medications and psychological counseling.
Schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally. Schizophrenia may result in some combination of hallucinations, delusions, and extremely disordered thinking and behavior. Symptoms of schizophrenia may include social withdrawal, suicidal thoughts, depersonalization, loss of appetite, loss of hygiene, delusions, hallucinations and disorganized speech. Schizophrenia requires lifelong treatment, even when symptoms have subsided. Treatment with medications and psychosocial therapy can help manage the condition
Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive disease in which brain cells themselves degenerate and die, resulting in loss of memory and other important mental functions. The disease often causes a steady decrease in memory and mental ability. Symptoms of Alzheimer’s include memory loss that disrupts daily life, challenges in planning or solving problems, difficulty completely familiar tasks, confusion with time or place, trouble understanding spatial relationships or visual images, problems with words while speaking or writing, misplacing things, losing the ability to retrace steps, decreased or poor judgment, withdrawal from work or activities, and change in mood or personality.
Mild Cognitive Impairment
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is an intermediate stage between the expected cognitive decline of normal aging and the more serious decline of dementia. It can involve problems with memory, language, thinking and judgment that are greater than normal age-related changes. Symptoms of MCI often include forgetting things more often than usual, forgetting important events and dates, losing train of thought or forgetting the thread of a conversation or story, feeling increasingly overwhelmed when making decisions or following instructions, struggling to find where you are in familiar locations, poor judgment, anxiety, irritability, and aggression.
Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain accompanied by fatigue, sleep, memory and mood issues. Symptoms of fibromyalgia may include widespread pain, chronic muscle pain, muscle spasms, stiffness, fatigue, nausea, migraines, cognitive difficulties: trouble focusing and paying attention, feeling anxious or depressed and reduced tolerance for exercise and muscle pain after exercise.